Hoz Sultan Lake, which is also known as “Royal Lake”, with an area of approximately 240 square kilometers, is located in the south of the Alborz mountain range. The size and shape of the lake is different according to the water input and the amount of rainfall in different seasons of the year; In this way, the water level of the lake fluctuates continuously.
Hoz Sultan Lake is like a big mirror in the heart of Iran. Hoz Sultan Lake is 820 meters above sea level, which is almost the same on the entire surface of the lake. Many rivers enter the Hoz Sultan lake, which generally pass through the surrounding salt marsh lands. Among these rivers, we can mention “Shur River” and “Qarachai”.
This lake is one of the sightseeing places of Qom and is located 40 km north of Qom city, 85 km south of Tehran and on the side of the Persian Gulf highway.
There is a earthen road 35 kilometers from Qom-Tehran that leads to the lake. There is also a road inside the lake, which is used to prevent cars from sinking into the swamp and mining the salt of the lake. This lake is often known as the “salt lake” because of its abundant salt; However, the much larger “salt lake” is located in the southeast of Qom. Every year, a large amount of salt is extracted from Hoz Sultan lake.
There is no plant or animal life in the central parts of the lake.
Hoz Sultan Lake is not a permanent lake and dries up in many months of the year. For this reason, the best time to visit this lake is in autumn, winter and spring, especially after rain, so that you can see the lake. The natural mirror of this lake needs water.